Mount Everest – also called Sagarmāthā (Nepali: सगरमाथा),Chomolungma or Qomolangma (Tibetan:) orZhumulangma (Chinese: 珠穆朗玛峰 Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng) – is the highest mountain on Earth, and the highest point on the Earth's crust, as measured by the height above sea level of its summit, 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China.
In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft (8,840 m). In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Societyupon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of Indiaat the time. Chomolungma had been in common use by Tibetans for centuries, but Waugh was unable to propose an established local name because Nepal and Tibet were closed to foreigners.
Bom, é claro que tudo depende da definição de "altura" que você está usando. É necessáriodefinir isso antes de fazer a pergunta, mas isso não muda a questão do positivismo versus realismo que estou discutindo neste post.
Summits farthest from the Earth's center
Mount Everest is the point with the highest elevation above sea level on Earth but it is not the summit that is farthest from the Earth's center. Because of the equatorial bulge, the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador is the point on Earth that is farthest from the center of the earth, and is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center than the summit of Everest.
- Note: Chimborazo's summit is about 25 metres farther from the earth's centre than that of Huascaran.
|Summit||Distance from Earth's center||Elevation above sea level m||Latitude||Country|
|Chimborazo||6,384.4 km or 3,967.1 mi||6,268.2 (20,565 ft)||1°28'9"S||Ecuador|
|Huascaran||6,384.4 km or 3,967.1 mi||6,748 (22,139 ft)||9°7′17″S||Peru|
|Several other peaks in the Andes|
|Kilimanjaro (Kibo Summit)||?||5,895 (19,341 ft)||3°4′33″S||Tanzania|
|Everest||6,382.3 km or 3,965.8 mi||8,848 (29,035 ft)||27°59′17″N||Nepal, China (Tibet)|